The basic skincare routine consists of three steps: cleanse, tone, and moisturize but some people stop at Step 1 and call it a day. While you can skip toning as part of your routine, moisturizing is not negotiable, particularly if your skin is dry. In addition to restoring moisture, moisturizers also have a protective layer in the skin against bacteria and toxins that cause the pimps. It also helps to slow down the aging of the skin.
Dry skin appears to be more prone to wrinkles and sagging because it is vulnerable to chronic inflammation. This breaks down the collagen, giving the skin its elasticity and strength. To restore moisture, you need to use a moisturizer that will absorb water from the air and smoothen rough skin. Most moisturizers have both moisturizing and emollient properties. But if you’re not sure, look for water trapping ingredients such as glycerin or hyaluronic acid and smoothing components such as shea and cocoa butter.
People with oily skin appear to have a love-hate relationship with sebum. It’s beneficial to the wellbeing of the skin, but it’s so annoying when there’s too much of it. But did you know that too much sebum is a sign that the skin is dehydrated? It sounds counter-intuitive, but the skin overcompensates dehydration by creating more oils. When your skin absorbs more oil, you’re very likely to develop acne as well. That’s why you need to moisturize your skin even though it’s oily. But not all moisturizers are made of the same thing, so pick one that suits your skin type well.
Moisturizing for your skin type
- Normal Skin: If you fall into this category, you have a fairly balanced skin (not too oily, not too dry). Although you can use any kind of moisturizer, it’s important to bear in mind the environment you’re in. Lotions and gels provide moisture without greasing the skin. You may use oils and creams for colder days to add extra hydration.
- Combination Skin: The combination skin is distinguished by the oily T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) and the dry skin of the cheeks. It’s a little difficult to deal with because you have almost two types of skin. But you don’t have to use separate moisturizers to fix your skin issues. Most of the sheer moisturizers hydrate the skin well without applying oil to the T-zone.
- Dry Skin: Flaking is a common dry skin problem. Look for moisturizers on the heavier side. Look out for those who have alcohol, since they can dry the skin even more. Creams and oils perform well because the thicker consistency provides more hydration and avoids loss of moisture. You will find that you need to apply it more than once when the weather is cold.
- Oily Skin: Oily skin is typically acne-prone, so you need a moisturizer that can cope with both skin issues. Look for ones that are water-based and oil-free. Gel moisturizers are best because they are lightweight yet hydrating. Stop heavier formulations like creams as they can make the skin look greasier. Look for moisturizers that have salicylic acid to treat acne.
- Sensitive Skin: Your moisturizer should be free from harsh ingredients that can cause redness and discomfort. Paraben, dye, and fragrance-free formula are perfect because they contain fewer irritating ingredients. When you purchase a moisturizer for your sensitive skin, take a patch test on your jaw to see if the substance irritates. Taking care of your skin doesn’t have to be complicated. Finding the best moisturizer for your skin type is a good start to creating a routine that your skin can thank for.